Common WordPress template files

Common WordPress template files

Below is a list of some basic theme templates and files recognized by WordPress.
index.php
The main template file. It is required in all themes.
style.css
The main stylesheet. It is required in all themes and contains the information header for your theme.
rtl.css
The right-to-left stylesheet is included automatically if the website language’s text direction is right-to-left.
comments.php
The comments template.
front-page.php
The front page template is loaded if a static front page is specified under Admin > Settings > Reading.
home.php
The home page template is the front page by default. If you do not set WordPress to use a static front page, this template is used to show latest posts.
header.php
The header template file usually contains your site’s document type, meta information, links to stylesheets and scripts, and other data.
single.php
The single post template is used when a visitor requests a single post. For this, and all other query templates, index.php is used if the query template is not present.
single-{post-type}.php
The single post template used when a visitor requests a single post from a custom post type. For example, single-book.php would be used for displaying single posts from a custom post type named book. The index.php is used if a specific query template for the custom post type is not present.
archive-{post-type}.php
The archive post type template is used when visitors request a custom post type archive. For example, archive-books.php would be used for displaying an archive of posts from the custom post type named books. The archive.php template file is used if the archive-{post-type}.php is not present.
page.php
The page template is used when visitors request individual pages, which are a built-in template.
page-{slug}.php
The page slug template is used when visitors request a specific page, for example one with the “about” slug (page-about.php).
category.php
The category template is used when visitors request posts by category.
tag.php
The tag template is used when visitors request posts by tag.
taxonomy.php
The taxonomy term template is used when a visitor requests a term in a custom taxonomy.
author.php
The author page template is used whenever a visitor loads an author page.
date.php
The date/time template is used when posts are requested by date or time. For example, the pages generated with these slugs:
http://example.com/blog/2014/
http://example.com/blog/2014/05/
http://example.com/blog/2014/05/26/
archive.php
The archive template is used when visitors request posts by category, author, or date. Note: this template will be overridden if more specific templates are present like category.php, author.php, and date.php.
search.php
The search results template is used to display a visitor’s search results.
attachment.php
The attachment template is used when viewing a single attachment like an image, pdf, or other media file.
image.php
The image attachment template is a more specific version of attachment.php and is used when viewing a single image attachment. If not present, WordPress will use attachment.php instead.
404.php
The 404 template is used when WordPress cannot find a post, page, or other content that matches the visitor’s request.
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