10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2019 For Future Jobs

The most important skill to learn in today’s world is to know how to write a computer application. Today, machines have entered in almost every business. Be it the autopilot in an aircraft or digital speedometer in your bike, computers in various forms surround us. Computers are beneficial for an organization to scale up well. Gone are the days of pen and paper. Today, to store and access your information, you need computers.

The programming and developer community are emerging at a rate faster than ever before. Various new programming languages are coming up that are suited for different categories of developers (beginners, intermediate, and experts) as well as for different use cases (web application, mobile applications, game development, distributed system, etc.).

Let us take a look at best Programming Languages to learn in 2019 for a job and prospects:



Python
Python undoubtedly tops the list. It is widely accepted as the best programming language to learn first. Python is fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy programming language that is being widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built in Python. Python provides excellent library support and has a large developer community. The programming language provides a high starting point for beginners. Talking about those who are looking for a better job, you should learn Python ASAP! A lot of startups are using Python as their primary backend stack, and so, this opens up a vast opportunity for full-stack Python developers. Here is a sample Python “Hello World!” program:

  print “Hello World!"
Yes, Python is that simple! Anyone who wishes to join a startup should master Python programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. Best language for beginners. 5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5.

Java
Java is another popular choice in large organizations and it has remained so for decades. Today Developers are using Java for building enterprise-scale web applications. Java is known to be extremely stable, and thus, many large enterprises have adopted it. If you are looking for a development based job at a large organization, Java is the language that you should learn.

Java is also widely used in Android App Development. Almost any business today needs an Android Application because there are billions of Android users today. Android App Development opens up a tremendous opportunity for Java developers given the fact that Google has created an excellent Java-based Android development framework – Android Studio.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 4 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5. [Best Java tutorials and courses]

C/C++
C/C++ is like the bread and butter of programming. Almost all low-level systems such as operating systems, file systems, etc. are written in C/C++. If you wish to be a system-level programmer, C/C++ is the language you should learn.

C++ is also widely used by competitive programmers because it is swift and stable. C++ also provides something called as STL – Standard Template Library. STL is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. The library support and speed of the language make it a popular choice in the High-frequency trading community as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Moderate! 3.5 out of 5.

JavaScript
JavaScript is the “frontend” programming language. JavaScript is widely used to design interactive frontend applications. For instance, when you click on a button which opens up a popup, the logic is implemented via JavaScript.

These days, many organizations, particularly startups, are using NodeJS which is a JavaScript-based web development framework. NodeJS is an end-to-end JavaScript-based web framework. If you are looking for that cool tech job at your favorite startup, you should seriously consider learning JavaScript.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5. [Best JavaScript tutorials and courses]

Golang
Golang, popularly known as Go, is the new programming language built by Google. Go provides excellent support for multithreading and so, Many Companies are using it, that rely heavily on distributed systems. Go is widely used in startups in Silicon Valley. However, it is yet to be adopted by Indian companies/startups. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup specializing in core systems should master Golang.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Moderate! 2.5 out of 5. [Best Golang tutorials]

R
R programming language is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning. R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also being used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. Enterprises have well-adopted r. Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should learn R.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best R tutorials]

Swift
Swift is the programming language that is used to develop iOS applications. iOS-based devices are becoming increasingly popular. Apple iPhone, for instance, has captured a significant market share and is giving a fierce competition to Android. Therefore, those who want to serve this community can learn Swift programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best Swift tutorials]

PHP
PHP is among the most popular backend programming language. Though PHP is facing fierce competition from Python and JavaScript, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers. Those who wish to join a reasonably well old organization as a backend developer should aim to learn PHP programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5. [Best PHP tutorials and courses]

C#
C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft. C# and Developers are using it for building the backend of Windows Phone applications.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: 2.5 out of 5. [Best C# tutorials and courses]

MATLAB
MATLAB is a statistical analysis tool, and Most Data Analysts are using it for Daya analysis. MATLAB is used widely in the Computer Vision and Image processing industry as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best MATLAB tutorials and courses]

Summary

Python and JavaScript are hot in the startup world. Many startups use Django (Python), Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript) as their backend frameworks. Python and JavaScript are easy-to-learn and therefore considered the best programming languages to learn for beginners. Moreover, both of them also provide a vast market opportunity. Therefore, those who are looking for a job change may also consider learning them.
Java and PHP are hot in the corporate world. Many organizations use Spring (Java) and Codeigniter (PHP) as their web backend framework.
R and MATLAB are hot in the Analytics world. If you wish to develop a career in data analytics, these are the languages to learn.
C/C++ and Golang are the top choices in building low-latency and scalable systems.
 C, Golang, Java, Javascript, MATLAB, PHP, Programming, Python, R, Software Development, Swift, Web 

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